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How to Close the IoT Skills Gap?

As technology evolves, the demand for advanced skills will only increase — unless we find ways to catch up.

It has been predicted that IoT will be a part of the most fundamental functionalities of each business area by the year 2020. Set up by different industry specialists, utilization of IoT will lead to improved business proficiency, productivity and quality work hours. There is no doubt that IoT will revolutionize the way we do our daily things, but we might have a terrible skills gap to match the demand of such a technology.

The concept of IoT is very clear which describes a pure interconnected world. It’s a world where every device of every shape and size are developed with smart capabilities so that they can connect, interact and exchange the data. It’s a world with technology that will make life easier, simpler and better.

IoT is a vast mixture of hardware, software, firmware and networking. To implement this, a core IoT team will require an electrical engineer, embedded systems designer, an embedded software developer, a back-end developer, a front-end developer and a product manager. For IoT startups like Embedos, these 7 positions are filled in by 3 people for want of people having relevant industry skills.

Skills needed for IoT projects to succeed:

With IoT, we need to bridge the gap between the data coming from your IoT infrastructure into your ERP application. You can have a better opportunity to increase your sales, build out new applications, new services and discover new lines of revenue for your business.

  1. Security and data analysis: Millions of devices are connected to the IoT. So the amount of data needs to be encrypted, analysed and protected. Skilled engineers, architects, and analysts will be needed to gather and process the information.
  2. Networking: As the IoT is all about connectivity, network engineers should focus on the skills like common protocols and keep track of a range of devices.
  3. Business intelligence: All of the data collected through the IoT should be turned into actionable intelligence for businesses. They should focus on skills like sensor data analysis, data center management, programming on Hadoop.
  4. Cyber-Security: The data attacks in IoT have become a serious problem. Therefore, there is a growing demand for professionals who know about cryptography, managing keys and sealing the networks. IoT security engineers will form an integral part of this field.

Challenges faced by IoT

The IoT digitizes physical assets, sensors, devices, machines, gateways, and the network. It connects people to things and things to things in real-time. A typical IoT network can grow rapidly resulting in an exponential increase in the variety, velocity and the overall volume of the data. This data opens opportunities for significant data creation and revenue generation but the real challenge for IoT environments is how to analyze the large volume of information from all sources and take action from all in real-time.

What does this mean?

The IT environment has made the need for new analytics, approaches, and technology more urgent. Achieving desired business objectives requires the ability to act in real-time, to take advantage of opportunities and to address the problem quickly. In the pre-internet of things era, an issue in a typical supply of chain scenario could be addressed in a 2 to 3 days cycle for satisfactory results but in IoT time to action is in minutes, seconds, or microseconds. This could limit the utilization of its true potential benefits. The configuration process tends to get lengthy and complex while managing a large number of IoT devices. To simplify the process the systems should be built with a thoughtful design, standardized configuration tools, methods, and interface.

How can organizations plan to bridge the IoT related skills gaps?

Closing IoT skills gap in an organisation

Closing IoT skills gap in an organisation

It’s essential to plan for the IoT related skills gap that is currently present. An Organisation’s IoT implementation will not be successful if its focus is only on the technology. If it does not include its workforce in transitioning their skills gap, they will not be able to take advantage of this technology or even invent using this technology.

A Company has to invest in its workspace and change the mindset of its workers, that they will have to continuously evolve their skill sets. Think about the pace of technology and think about how we can invent new ways of technology. We must continue to reinvent ourselves and continue to evolve our skills. It’s a different contract between the employer and employee now. It’s not “I am hiring you to do this job”. It’s more like “I am hiring you to the job and I want you to continue to learn and evolve with the requirements of this job”

Are advancements in technology causing the growing IoT skills gap?

Technology is ever-evolving since the start of the 21st century. We have seen huge advancements. In 2002 iRobot Corporation released the first version of its Roomba vacuum cleaning robot. In 2004, Facebook was founded. In 2007, Apple introduced a touch screen phone with the iPhone. In 2010, 3D TV started to become more widely available. In 2013, Elon Musk announced “Hyperloop”, a giant tube transport system. In 2017, Quantum computing showed signs of becoming a practical technology and in 2018, Google announced Cloud AutoML, a suite of pre-trained systems that could make AI simpler to use. These advancements are showing no signs of slowing down which is leaving businesses falling short of employees with relevant IT skills.

In 2016, 20% of organizations were experiencing visible disruptions due to the IT skills gap. It’s now 75%. Employers are desperately searching for qualified candidates. In an increasingly growing market, employers are willing to pay higher salaries for applicants with up to date knowledge and who can bring new skills to their business.

How Augmentation reality is solving the Industrial skills gap?

Manufacturing and the service value chain jobs are most affected but the skills gap is more than just a retirement problem. There aren’t systems in place to train new generations of skilled workers. There is increasing competition from other job types. Meanwhile, physical assets are becoming more complex. Companies need to slow down the skills, drain maximize current skills and refill the skills. The answer lies in industrial augmented reality. It gives users a way to overlay digital data on top of the physical assets and environment which is a game-changer when it comes to closing the skills gap. Industrial AR provides a more efficient way to train workers using interactive digital ways of physical assets so workers learn faster and retain more by overlaying instructions, equipment status or performance data, complex or frequently changing assets. Inexperienced workers can also virtually connect with experts.

Outsourcing IoT security

IoT represents a technological revolution. There will be 24 billion connected devices by 2020. By 2020, 95% of cloud service failures will be the customer’s fault. At present, there is no standard for device-level security. The primary challenge to secure IoT implementation is that every device becomes a point of potential incursion. Outsourcing your IoT security requires you to make a detailed risk assessment of your operations. You need to determine the type of provider you need, what they will be responsible for and what you will maintain internally.

Digitization & IoT

The magic word is digitization. It presents huge challenges to companies but it also means great business opportunities because the trend at the moment is the IoT. Deutsche Telekom has developed a solution that allows us to remotely operate our rapid action roller shutter doors in cases of maintenance and service. It helps the person directly via telephone, by service without a technician. He provides the m2m cards for communications with the IoT. It provides a reliable, high-speed network and data security.

Embedos - How to close the IoT Skills Gap

Below is a list of skills that are in high demand in the field of IoT. A full-fledged all-round IoT experience will need expertise in at least 5 of them:

PROGRAMMING SKILLS

For IoT devices to perform useful functions, their microcontrollers need to be programmed. The most popular programming languages in use today in IoT are:

  • C
  • C++
  • Java
  • Python

Likewise note that the Arduino prototyping stage gives a library of C/C++ capacities for engineer use, and is broadly utilized in the IoT space, so creating mastery in this would be a generally excellent thought.

HARDWARE ENGINEERING

The accomplishment of IoT gadgets relies as much on its equipment structure, as on its product. Some skills to master include:

  • AutoCAD drafting
  • Computer-aided design (CAD)
  • An understanding of electronics, mechanical and network communication.
  • Sensor technology
  • PCB Designing
  • Soldering & Quality Testing
  • Embedded software Development

Data Analytics

IoT isn’t just about items being associated with the Internet. Its genuine worth originates from the data that is extracted from these keen gadgets.

IoT organizations need information wizards to gather, store, and break down the information from their devices with the goal that they can utilize them for brilliant actionable intelligence.

Abilities in Hadoop, SAS, R and NoSQL, just as business intelligence and networking are what IoT enrollment specialists are searching for.

Embedos IoT Front End UI

Front End Development

For IoT devices to end up prevalent they have to have viable, easy to understand and attractive interfaces. IoT products will come in a wide range of shapes and measures and the individuals who can help plan them need to have elevated amounts of client experience, without weakening its viability will be profoundly employable.

Mobile App Development

A part of the front end UI is the ease of access to information. Mobile Phones being used by every one of us is be a source of visualization of the data that is sent by our smart devices. Mobile Phones will be able to show data interactively gathered by IoT devices, thereby increasing opportunities for Mobile App developers in the IoT domain.

Cloud Computing:

Cloud computing unlocks a new dimension in software development. The cloud allows programmers to create, host, and execute applications that can scale up much faster.

We have viewed the potential of ‘The Cloud’, and seen it explode. Essentially because it is less expensive and quicker than customary server farms. Today organizations and IT firms are utilizing cloud and cloud applications like never before.

Skills like database management and coding are fundamental for Cloud Computing.

NETWORKING

The way to IoT is the gadgets’ capacity to speak with different devices. IoT organizations will need individuals who have mastery in current systems administration models and innovations, remote associations who can enable machine to machine communication with ease.

How to overcome the IoT skills gaps?

Top barriers to IT transformation include:

1) Technology silo

2) Outdated infrastructure

3) New skills/Expertise needed.

IT organizations are getting older which means that people are getting closer to retirement. There’s not as much new talent coming into IT organizations and most people worry about this. Many organizations look to new technology to transform their companies. Yet 94% of HR leaders say that they have difficulties accessing the skills required for transformation initiatives. And 29% say that they are being held back by a lack of digital skills amongst their workspace. So by bringing 800 technical resources who live in this environment every day, by bringing the partnerships with leading technology and understanding those technologies, understanding those dependencies can close the skills gap.

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